Vietnam Country Profile on Universal Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health

Cover Vietnam SRH

This country report looks at universal access to sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in Socialist Republic of Vietnam, a one-party communist state with a population of more than 90 million people, 49.3% of which are male, and 50.7% female. It is one of Southeast Asia’s fastest growing economies; during 2010-2013, Vietnam has experienced a significant drop in poverty rate, from 14.2% in 2010 to 9.6% in 2012. However, despite the economic growth and the abundance of opportunities to boost it even further, Vietnam faces emerging challenges; the need for the government to address the socio, economic, education and health policies that address the specificities of the internal migrant and LGBTIQ demographic. While reproductive health (RH) is formally recognised in the national policy , Vietnam ranks 121 on the Human Development Index due to its low mean years of schooling and gross national income per capita, and it ranks 58 on Gender Equality Index. In this context, the current paper will give an overall picture in describing and discussing the status and gaps in SRH in Vietnam, while specifically mapping the reproductive health status of groups often neglected in health profiles.