country profile on universal access to sexual and reproductive health: cambodia


The kingdom of Cambodia covering an area of 181,035 sq. km. is located in south-east Asia and shares borders with Vietnam to the east, Lao PDR to the north, Thailand to the west, and the ocean coast to the south-west. The country is divided into 24 provinces and one municipality, the capital, Phnom Penh. Khmer is the official language spoken by 90% of the population.

Peace and stability have been re-established in the country after two decades of conflict and civil war, since the signing of the Paris Peace Accord in 1991. The country’s first national elections were held in 1993 and the Constitution was promulgated on 21 September 1993.

Cambodia is making firm efforts to move toward the status of a middle-income country. The country’s development is guided by the Vision 2020 strategy, as well as the National Strategic Development Plan and the Rectangular Strategy for Growth, Employment, Equity and Efficiency.

The population of the country was estimated at 15.13 million with an annual growth rate of 1.7% in 2013. Life expectancy at birth was 68.8 for males, and 74.2 for females in 2013.

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Sai Jyothirmai Racherla, Dr. Suon Bophea, Mrs. Sek Sisokhom