Vietnam Country Profile on Universal Access to Sexual and Reproductive Rights

This country report looks at the state of Vietnam, the world’s 14th-most-populous country, which has one of the most progressive legal framework in the region when it comes to sexual and reproductive rights (SRR). Aside from being among the first to sign the International Conference of Population and Development (ICPD) Programme of Action in 1994 and the Beijing Platform for Action in 1995, and signing and ratifying a number of important international documents on human rights such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), human rights of individuals are recognized, respected, protected and guaranteed in the Vietnamese constitution.  Several documents deal with SRR policy in Vietnam, and they are right-based in general – the National Strategies on Reproductive Health Care (RHC) for the period 2001-2010 in 2000, the National Strategies on Population and Reproductive Health for 2011-2020, and the law on HIV and AIDS Prevention and Control (2006), considered one of the most progressive HIV/AIDS laws in the world. However, despite these frameworks, implementation and reinforcement of these laws and policies are in many cases problematic; the current study looks at these issues and difficulties, as well as offering recommendations on all aspects of SRR, including those that affects adolescents.